Name: Márcio José Mendonça
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 30/08/2019
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Cláudio Luiz Zanotelli Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Cláudio Luiz Zanotelli Advisor *
Eneida Maria Souza Mendonça Internal Examiner *
Pablo Silva Lira External Examiner *
Paulo César Scarim Internal Examiner *
ROGÉRIO HAESBAERT External Examiner *

Summary: The present study addresses the way modern warfare has been waged on urbanized terrains, especially in large cities, considering the high complexity that the urban scenario offers, due to its entire urbanization process, as a three-dimensional battlefield that takes place in streets and alleys, underground tunnels, vertical areas etc. Cities, as the study shows, are being configured as battlespaces WHERE urbicide practices such as war policies are developed to hinder the presence of those considered enemies. As far as the different scenarios of urban conflict are concerned, the research uses cases verified in other countries that interface with the Brazilian case, specifically in Rio de Janeiro and Vitória, which provide analysis and empirical evidence capable of demonstrating that we are experiencing a process of re-militarization of the city, in which the city itself appears to be and is even thought of as a battlespace from the point of view of regular armies and armed groups with territorial dominance. These show the transformation of the city as a whole into a stage of complex conflict involving practices that essentially aim at, besides winning the enemies, destroying their habitat and denying them the city. Thus, what we are seeing in recent conflicts, in different places, is a process of destruction of the urbanity of the city, in order to deny it to the enemy, that is, to create a situation of “urban genocide”, which different authors, have defined as urbicide, which is: deliberate denial or the simple destruction of urbanity that makes life in the city possible. This study proposes a healthy way of thinking: in the case of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória, even though it is not a declared and high-intensity war, the urbicide is previously transformed into a public security policy to combat the population living in favelas and poor neighborhoods, seen as the enemy within the country. Today the real scenario reaches the level of urban dispossession of vulnerable groups due to the real estate business activity and to the spread of armed groups operating in the city, which exercise territorial control over the resources and urban infrastructure, essential to ordinary life in the city.

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